The Representation of Local Culture in Indonesian Junior High School English Textbook; When English Rings a Bell Grade VIII

Siti Marwah Ulfa


Local cultural appearances in textbooks exist through visuals and textual artifacts. Local culture is presented differently as a cultural exhibition in the textbook. This paper aims to analyze the representation of local culture contained in the textbook. This qualitative study was conducted by analyzing textbooks of junior high school grade VIII SMP/MTS approved by the Indonesian government published in 2017. This study employs Moran's (2001) cultural dimensions. Utilize two kinds of artifacts in the textbook, specifically: artifacts, images, and textual artifacts contain assignments and materials. Subsequently, four components are described visually and textually consist of product, practice, perspective, and person. Then, introducing the local culture: such as institutions, art forms, places, lives, and intellectual value. There are 8 representations of local culture in materials and exercise textbooks. There is merely found the dimensions of perspective and product and the researcher could not discover the representation of other dimensions such as persons and practices.

Full Text:



Moran, P. (2001). Defining culture. Teaching culture; Perspectives in practice.

Afriani, Z. L., Mirizon, S., & Sitijak, M. D. (2019). Cultural Content Analysis of English Textbooks Used by Tenth Graders in Bengkulu Utara. Lingua, Jurnal Bahasa & Sastra, 66-68.

Albari, R. G., & Yamin, H. M. (2020). Cultural Content Analisys on Government-Issued English Learning Textbook. Jurnal Edulingua.

Alshenqeeti, H. (2019). Representation of Culture in EFL Textbooks and Learners' Preference. Pedagogy: Journal of English Language Teaching, 127-135.

Ariawan, S. (2020). Investigating Cultural Dimensions in EFL Textbook by Using Byram Checklist. Register Journal, 124-126.

Astiandani, F. R., & Purwati, O. (2021). A Content Analisys of Cultural Representation in a High School English Textbook in 2013 Education Curriculum. Pedagogy: Journal of English Language Teaching, 38-39.

Bahrami, N. (2015). Evaluating the Representation of Cultural Elements in an In-use EFL Textbook. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 6.

Brody, S. (2003). Measuring the Effects of Stakeholder Participation on the Quality of Local Plans Based on the Principles of Collaborative Ecosystem Management. Journal of Planning Education and Research.

Brown, H. D. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. Englewood Cliffs, New Englewood Cliffs, New.

Chao, T. C. (2011). The hidden curriculum of cultural content in internationally published ELT textbooks; A closer look at new American insode out. Journal of asia TEFL, 189-215.

Cortazzi, M., & Jin, L. (1999). Cultural Mirrors Materials and Methos in the EFL classroom. Culture in Second language Teaching and learning.

Cortazzi, M., & Jin, L. (1999). Cultural Mirrors: Materials and Methods in the EFL Classroom. Culture in Second Language Teaching, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Fahriany, Alek, & Wekke, I. S. (2018). Gender Representation in English Textbooks for Islamic Junior High School Students. Kafa'ah Journal of GenderStudies, 151.

Faris, I. (2014). Cultural content Analysis of an English Textbook for Senior high School. Journal of English and Education, 14-15.

Ikromah, F. (2018). A Cultural Analysis of the Recommended 2013 Curriculum English Textbook Entitled buku Bahasa Inggris untuk Kelas XII. English Education Department , 24-26.

Kramsch, C. (1993). Context and culture in language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lee, J. F., & Li, X. (2019). Cultural representation in English language textbooks: a comparison of textbooks used in mailand China and hong Kong. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 9-15.

Moghtadi, L. (2012). Visual Elements Used in Iran EFL High School Textbooks. Internasional Journal of Foreign language Teaching and Researc.

Parlindungan, F., Rifai, I., & Safriani, A. (2018). The representation of Indonesian cultural diversity in middle school English textbooks. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 290-295.

Purwaningtyas, T. (2020). Didactic Symbol of Visual Images in EFL Textbook: Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis. Pedagogy Journal of English Language Teaching, 51-63.

Salim, S. K. (2017). Teaching Language and Teaching Culture. International Visible Conference on Educational Studies & Applied Linguistics, 465.

Santosa, I. (2015). Cultural Represenation in english textbook For Junior high School. Eduscience.

Saville-Troike. (2003). The Ethography of Commmunications Subtitile: An Introduction (3rd Edition Series) Language in Society. Linguist List.

Shin, J., eslami, Z. R., & Chen, W. C. (2011). Presentation of local international culture in current international English-language teaching textbook. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 256.

Susanti, R., & Syahri, I. (2016). An Analysis of Local and Target Culture Integration in the English Textbooks for Senior High School in Palembang. Journal of Education and Human Development, 97-99.

Tajeddin, Z., & Teimounezhad, S. (2014). Exploring the hidden agenda in the representation of culture in international and localised ELT textbooks. The Language Learning Journal.

Tomalin, B. (2008). Culture - the fifth language skill. Available at

Weninger, C., & Kiss, T. (2013). Culture in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Textbooks: A Semiotic Approach. Tesol Quarterly.

Yuen, K. (2014). The representation of foreign cultures in English textbooks. Oxford University, 459



  • There are currently no refbacks.