Indah Lestari


The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of the ability to write descriptive text. This research was conducted at the University of PGRI Yogyakarta and specifically investigated how simple present tense is used and which errors are most often done by research subjects.
The subjects of this study were 8 4th-semester students majoring in English Education at PGRI University of Yogyakarta. Researcher used qualitative descriptive method in this study. The first step taken by researcher was to gave students three themes, namely Family, My Idol & Beautiful Place in Yogyakarta. After that students choose one of these themes and then wrote it into descriptive text. By using the Surface Strategy Taxonomy, researcher then classify what errors they have made.
The results of this study indicate that students made 33 errors (47.14%) from 70 Present Present Tense sentences. This was less than the correct use of Simple Present Tense, with a total of 37 (52.86%). Students made the most error in misformation by 13 (39.39%). Whereas the most rarely made error is addition with a total of 2 (6.07%).

Full Text:



Abdullah, A. (2013). Error Analysis on The Use of The SimpleTense and The Simple Past Tense in Writing Essays Among TESL College Students. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(12), 1–12.

Azar, Betty Schrampfer. (2002). Understanding and Using English Grammar Third Edition. New York: Longman

Bialystok, E., Dulay, H., Burt, M., & Krashen, S. (1983). Language Two. In The Modern Language. Journal (Vol. 67, Issue 3, p. 273).

Chomsky, Noam. (1986). Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin and Use. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Dulay, H., Burt, Krashen. (1982). Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press

Harris, G, J., and Cunningham, H.D. (1994). The Simon and Schuster Guide to Writing. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Haryadi, T., & Putra, A. (2018). An Analysis of Students’ Errors in Writing Narrative Text: A Case Study at the Eleventh Grade of Sma Muhammadiyah Mataram. Academic English Education Program Language and Arts Department Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Mataram University 2018.

Hasanah, U. (2017). Error Analysis on Using Simple Present Tense in Writing Descriptive Text Made by The Tenth Grade Students of SMA N 1 Pace in Academic Year 2015/2016 (Skripsi). Kediri (ID): University of Nusantara Kediri

James, Carl. (1998). Error in Language Learning and Use: Exploring Error Analysis. London: Routledge

Jayanti, A. (2019). Students’ Writing Ability on English Descriptive Text at Grade VIII in SMP 33 Padang. Academic Journal of English Language and Education. 3(1). 71-94

Juwitasari, R. Patuan Raja., & Budi Kadaryanto. (2012). An Analysis of Grammatical Errors in Using Simple Present Tense in Descriptive Text Writing By Students of Man 1 (Model) Bandar Lampung. FKIP Universitas Lampung, 1, 1–13.

Mahe, F. (2014). Error Analysis of Written English Paragraphs by Jordanian Undergraduate Students: A Case Study. International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, II (VIII), 85–100.

Murphy, Raymond. (2003). English Grammar in Use. New York: Cambridge University Press

Pateda, Mansoer. (1989). Analisis Kesalahan. Ende Plores: Nusa Indah

Richard, J.C. and Schmidt, R. (2010). Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics Fourth Edition. Great Britain: Pearson Education Limited

Setyaji, A., Sukmaningrum, R., & Hawa, F. (2017). Analisis Kesalahan Gramatikal pada Penulisan Descriptive Text Mahasiswa Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Semarang. 11(2), 37–58.

Suhono, S. (2017). Surface Strategy Taxonomy on the Efl Students’ Composition a Study of Error Analysis. Jurnal Iqra’, 1(2), 1.

Vera, B., Haryudin, A., & Herdiyanti, W. (2019). Error Analysis on the Students Writing of Simple Present Tense in a Descriptive Text. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 2(4), 514.

Zawahreh, F. (2012). Applied Error Analysis of Written Production of English Essays of Tenth Grade Students in Ajloun Schools, Jordan. International Journal of Learning and Development. 2(2), 16-35


  • There are currently no refbacks.