Vinindita Citrayasa, Maria Setyaningsih Nernere


As the important component of language acquisition and language learning affecting language skill mastery, vocabulary has been the concern of the language expertise. Many of them focus a lot on how to enrich the learners’ vocabulary. In fact, vocabulary development is not only about increasing the quantity but also on its quality. Knowing this fact, it is needed to find out how qualified the vocabulary development nowadays. Therefore, the quantitative study is done to identify and analyze the vocabulary size developmental pattern across the levels. It is a cross sectional survey research. The data was taken by doing vocabulary test to the international students who deal a lot with English exposure in their learning. Three batches consisting of freshmen, sophomore, and junior in the International classes were assessed to see their developmental pattern. Vocabulary size test developed by Paul Nation becomes the best option as the test measuring the vocabulary size of the students. As a result, the hypothesis was accepted. It is found that there is a difference in the vocabulary size from the three batches with a surprising finding too due to the pattern. This result is then useful for a means of reflection and evaluation for the students and the institution.

Full Text:



Anderson, J.P. and Freebody, P. (1981) Vocabulary knowledge. In J.T. Guthrie, (ed) Comprehension and Teaching: Research Reviews. Newark: International Reading Association.

Beglar, D. (2010) A Rasch-based validation of the Vocabulary Size Test. Language Testing, 27(1), 101-118.

Channel, J. (1988) Psycholinguistic consideration in the study of L2 vocabulary acquisition. In R. Carter and M. McCarthy, (eds) Vocabulary and Language Teaching.London: Longman.

Cresswell, John W. 2012. Educational Research. Boston: Pearson Education Du Hui. 2004. Reflections on Vocabulary Size of Chinese University Students. International Education Journal Vol 5, No 4, 2004. Retrieved from 571// on April 13, 2014.

Ellis, Rod. 2008. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eyckmans, J. Measuring Receptive Vocabulary Size. Retrieved from on May 25, 2014.

Hua Zhong. 2011. Learning a word: From Receptive to Productive Vocabulary Use.The Asian Conference on Language Learning Official Conference Proceedings2011. Retrieved from on April 13, 2014.

Ibrahim, Engku Haliza Engku; Khairiah Othman, Isarji Sarudin and Ainon Jariah Muhamad. 2013. Measuring the Vocabulary Size of Muslim Pre-University Students. World Applied Sciences Journal 21 (Special Issue of Studies in Language Teaching and Learning): 44-49, 2013. Retrieved from http: //10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.21.sltl.2136// on March 28, 2014

Laufer, B & Paribakht, S. 1998. The relationship between passive and active vocabularies: Effects of Language Learning Contexts. Language Learning, 48, 365–391.

Meara, P. 1996. The dimensions of lexical competence in G.Brown, K. Malmkjær, &J.Williams, (Eds.), Competence and Performance in Language learning (pp. 35–53). New York: Cambridge University Press

Nation, I.S.P. 1990. Teaching and Learning Vocabulary. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Nation, I.S.P. 1993. Using dictionaries to estimate vocabulary size: Essential, but rarely followed procedures. Language Testing, 10, 27–40.

Nation, I.S.P. 2001. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. New York:Cambridge University Press.

Read, J., 2000. Assessing vocabulary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wiersma, William. 1995. Research Methods in Education: an Introduction 6th Edition. Massachusetts: A Simon and Schuster Company.

Zareva, Alla; Paula Schwanenflugel & Yordanka Nikolova. 2005. Relationship Between Lexical Competence and Language Proficiency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 20 times
PDF - 13 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.